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28 Buddha statues erected along A-9 Highway since war ended in May 2009

By Imaad Majeed

Since the end of the conflict in 2009, a new phenomena has emerged. That of Buddha statues being erected along the A9 route that leads to Jaffna.

Keerimalai, a few kilometres to Dambakola Patuna, Kanagarayan kulam Buddhist stupa, Buddhist Statue built on a site, supposedly, visited by the Buddha, Buddha Statue IN Killinochchi and Buddhist Temple in Kanakarayan Kulam area on the site of a destroyed Hindu temple.

Over 28 Buddha statues have been counted along this route since the war concluded in May 2009. The comedy of this charade (what else can one call it?) is that these statues are placed in areas where little or no Buddhists reside.

This has caused a stir amongst the local Tamil communities who whisper (yes they can still only whisper or speak of it in hushed tones too afraid to make public their protests) that this is just one more example of Sinhala chauvinism stamping on the cultural and religious sensitivities of the Tamil community. Sinhala-Buddhist Nationalists will argue that as a country that aims to preserve Buddhist culture, it is only appropriate that statues of the Buddha are spread across the island. However, this is an issue of cultural sensitivity, and not that of preserving Buddhism.

Alongside statues there has also been a Dagoba built in the Mankulam town. What is striking is that the majority of these statues have been erected towards the North end of the roads beyond Vavuniya, an area that is strictly Tamil, having a 30 year history of conflict with Sinhala parties (i.e. the Sri Lankan Army). A Buddhist statue was erected in Kanakarayankulam, near a tank, causing the Tamil community of the area to voice resentment.

According to TNA member M. A. Sumanthiran, the presence of Buddha statues in these areas is a “message that the character of the area has been changed. It is a cultural intrusion”. He also mentioned an ancient Hindu temple that was demolished in Kanniya, Trincomalee, and a Buddha statue built in its place. The foundation of the kovil now holds a Buddhist flag, adding insult to injury. Sumanthiran added that, “the issue at hand is a question of trust. Will this type of behaviour help build trust among the communities?”

Yet, the other question that arises is that of who is responsible for this blatant disregard for Tamil culture? Champika Ranawaka, a member of the JHU and a government minister is spearheading moves to construct Buddhist temples in Tamil and Muslim areas. By using his former post as Minister of Environment to secure land for some of these statues to be erected, his actions are only one example of government officials abusing their power.

“There are no ethno-religious constraints in Sri Lanka,” said member of the JHU, Udaya Gammanpila, defending the statues. “We have never objected to the building of Hindu shrines in any part of the island, so why should Buddhist statues be treated any differently?” he asked. When the accusations of cultural intrusion were brought up, he claimed “harmony among communities is disturbed by making an issue of this”.

According to Gammanpila there are three reasons for Buddhist statues existing in these areas. “Firstly, there are tens of thousands of Buddhist soldiers stationed in the area, for whom these statues are a place of worship. Also, during the war many sites of archaeological value were destroyed. Buddhist stupas and statues have been built in these areas due to this. There are also many Buddhists who make pilgrimage to the North, and on their way stop by at the many Buddha statues. So there is a clear purpose, it should not become an issue,” he said.

An official speaking on condition of anonymity employed at the Department of Buddhist Affairs had this to say:

“There is no specific law governing the construction of monuments with regard to Buddhism. But there is a practice, if one is to put up a monument, it can be done without harming anyone else’s right to have his own faith, or religious beliefs. In doing so, they must not disgrace Buddhism or any other religion. This is the consensus. In the case of roadside construction, it is only necessary to acquire permission from the relevant local authorities,” the official said. courtesy: The Sunday Leader

83 Comments

  1. Ilaya Seran Senguttuvan says:

    Hitler, the Austrian, tried to be more German than the Germans and took them to the path of ruin. KMP Rajaratne – a pseudo-Sinhala Buddhist zealot of the late 60s was of Tamil Konar origin; Mohd Mahathir of Malaysia who tried to be more Malay than Malays themselves was of S.Indian origin. Champika Ranawake is said to be trying hard to hide his Catholic birth and upbringing to remain on top of the chauvinistic JHU. Setting up Buddhist stupas in every junction in Jaffan Peninsular in the belief of making the soldiers better Buddhists is no different to a mechanic, who spends over 12 hours in the garage, becoming a car. The JHU, at any rate, are poor candidates to make others good Buddhists.

    The nett result of this hegemonistic act is to enrage and isolate the Tamil people of the areamore than ever. Their whispers referred here means much more than an armed insurrection. No true Buddhists in the army will condone such puerile action. If the Govt and the army do not mean to stay with the surreptitious agend of changing the demographic reality in the area, there is no reason for such provocative action.

    ISS

  2. Anonymous says:

    Were there any crosses anywhere in Sri Lanka, before the advent of the murderous Franciscans and Dominicans who had washed to our shores with a Bible in one hand and a sword in the other and proselyte the unsuspecting apathetic native by force? Did not the Tamil labourers bought down by the British Raj have build thousands of ‘Siva Linga’ in every estate they settled? There is a one in an estate situated in the midst of a 99% Sinhala area. But no Sinhala villager or their politician that I know of has ever complained about it; indeed, they do participate in all its events.

    So why do Mr.Sumnthiran talk building Buddha statues as an invasion. It is because he still carries Waddukkodai ideology just likes all other TNA mps. To date, no Sumanthiran uttered a word about discarding the violence that Waddukkodai resolution promoted let lone condemn it. All that Sumanthiran and TNA want is to continue ram hatred in the minds of Tamil public and remain as a political force to achieve LTTE ideals.

  3. Lalith Perera -Wattala says:

    Everyone knows that Champika Ranawaka was born as a Catholic and became a Buddhist, Why? SWRD was a Christian became a Buddhist, Why?

  4. Caeser says:

    We need no one tell we Sinhela buddhists to do what is and what is not at the first place. This is the ancestral land of Sinhela but not any other decent, who are minorities to we Buddhists have allowed to live by our loving kindness, which now they have taken to our weakness. There is no country in the world that allows so much leverage to minorities like we Buddhists do in Sri Lanka.

    Why not you ask for your homeland in South India where it’s origin is, rather than making us provocative?

    Mind your business, we have the sole rights to erect temples, Buddha statues at any place we want in our homeland.

  5. Tiger says:

    These Buddha statues will be a constant reminder and monument for centuries to come to the Tamils that the war criminals who are Buddhists coldheartedly and indiscriminately bombed and killed innocent Tamils, their children and later raped young women.

    According to Gammanpila there one of the three reasons for Buddhist statues existing in these areas. “Firstly, there are tens of thousands of Buddhist soldiers stationed in the area, for whom these statues are a place of worship.Understandably for these soldiers to worship and wash away the guilt of killing innocent civilians.

  6. Ward says:

    What is the Environmental Impact Assessment of this culture?

    What is its Ethnic Impact Assessment?

    If only those in power stop relegating their duty to concrete structures ……

  7. HolmungP says:

    Dear ISS,
    Perhaps you’ve not paid attention during the social studies class during the O/L times, where we are pretty much thought that this island now belongs to the Buddhists?! Or have you been reading up on the real-history of Ceylon, you naughty boy…
    If one goes past the nice lil independence-square (Which has now had the one-way-traffic-flow altered such that we don’t disrespectfully turn our rears’ towards it!) there is a perpetual Buddhist flag flying high. The so-called ‘independence square’ no less, has No Sri Lankan falg, rather Henry Steel Olcott’s modified-version of the Buddhist flag only. This has been such for nearly a year now. Pity we don’t have simple folk such as Olcott these days in the likes’ of the UN rooting for us… ;)
    So getting back to reality, this is the brand of distorted Buddhism that we follow here in SL requires them statues and flags along the way to ensure the small-minds and insecurities of our political and other leaders are put at ease and the largely inflated egos massaged along the A9 route.. As we all know, True Buddhism shuns violence/materialism and advocates the middle-path than the more popular middle toe!
    I think it was Joseph de Maistre or Tocqueville who said “the people do get the governments they deserve!”- so what more could we ask for?!
    Jack D

  8. Ravi Perera says:

    Hey ISS,

    You say Champika Ranawaka was acatholic and had a catholic upbringing. Can you shed a bit more light on this pls. I belived he went to a school called rthakshila in Horana and was from a rural Sinhala Buddhist family.
    From where did you get this news ? Most probably not true

    Also about Mahthit Mohommed being south Indian origin, this too is news man. What is nthe source

  9. HolmungP says:

    Dear ISS,

    Perhaps you’ve not paid attention during the social studies class during the O/L times, where we are pretty much thought that this island now belongs to the Buddhists?! Or have you been reading up on the real-history of Ceylon, you naughty boy…

    If one goes past the nice lil independence-square (Which has now had the one-way-traffic-flow altered such that we don’t disrespectfully turn our rears’ towards it!) there is a perpetual Buddhist flag flying high. The so-called ‘independence square’ no less, has No Sri Lankan falg, rather Henry Steel Olcott’s modified-version of the Buddhist flag only. This has been such for nearly a year now. Pity we don’t have simple folk such as Olcott these days in the likes’ of the UN rooting for us… ;)

    So getting back to reality, this is the brand of distorted Buddhism that we follow here in SL requires them statues and flags along the way to ensure the small-minds and insecurities of our political and other leaders are put at ease and the largely inflated egos massaged along the A9 route.. As we all know, True Buddhism shuns violence/materialism and advocates the middle-path than the more popular middle toe!

    I think it was Joseph de Maistre or Tocqueville who said “the people do get the governments they deserve!”- so what more could we ask for?!

    Jack D

  10. Tamil Gautama says:

    ISS,
    Have you visted the site below ? Revival of Nalanda by the Asian Powers . May be this is just a starter building Empires using Buddhism as a buffer

    http://www.dnaindia.com/analysis/column_beijings-unopened-secret-gift-package-to-nepal_1580772

    In India, left-minded people have also become great experts in Buddhist philosophy. Last year, Dr Amartya Sen made a rather surprising statement: when asked about the omission of the Dalai Lama’s name from the Nalanda University project, the Nobel Economics Laureate said that “religious studies could be imparted without involvement of religious leaders.”

    This seems out of tune with the spirit of the ancient Indian viharas. In the 1960s in Europe, when the first Buddhist Lamas were engaged as lecturers, they were told to interpret Buddhism not as an insider, but an outsider. It is probably what Dr Sen meant when he spoke about the Dalai Lama:

    “Being religiously active may not be the same as (being) an appropriate person for religious studies.”

    Dr Sen should try to find out why the Indian viharas attracted so many scholars and students from Korea, Japan, China, Tibet, Indonesia, Persia or Greece, at least till the day they were looted by Muslim invaders in 1193.

    Simply because the teachers, the gurus taught what they had practiced and experienced. Unfortunately, Dr Sen probably wants to recreate a new Santiniketan, an academic institution without its original spirit.

    Interestingly in December 2010, during his visit to India, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao gave a large contribution to Nalanda University. This could explain Dr Sen’s reaction.

    The joint communique issued by the prime ministers of India and China mentions China welcomed India�s efforts to revive the Nalanda University Both sides appreciated the work of the Nalanda Mentor Group and the progress made so far India welcomed China�s contribution of US dollars 1 million for the Nalanda University � And much more funds are expected from China through a consortium based in Singapore Beijing seems keen to develop other religious places Take Lumbini the birth place of the Buddha in Nepal……..

  11. aratai says:

    .
    Now local Tamils have a place to hide when the aerial bombing starts………..

    :-)

  12. Noel says:

    Budhism is the only religion in this world that does not require faith or belief in invisible God/Gods.

    Budhism only requires a little bit of thought. It makes sense.

    As someone brought up in the Catholic Church, first in SL and then here in the US, I discovered Budhism later in life. It has been liberating to say the least.

    As Sri Lankans, no matter what foolishness is taught to us when we are young, we will always have Budhism as our foundation and heritage. I for one, am thankful.

  13. AMT says:

    Can any body tell, weather Lord Buddha ever wanted these statues??

  14. HolmungP says:

    hey Noel,

    you reckon the rest of us here in SL would ‘see the light’ anytime soon and follow the true precepts of these great teachings?! it sort of requires us to be in the world, but not of the world. I’d say now that the war is over, we should be going all out and building more world-class meditation centres rather than exotic hotels for erotic activities…. ;)

    agree, given the form materialism flaunted in the west- Buddhist teachings help put a dampening effect on the meaningless self-destructive way of life. the only issue here is the brand of Buddhism that’s advocated here by the politicians and politicized clergy, leave most of us in the lurch, unaccountable to no one!!!

    jack D

  15. Ward says:

    Noel
    Thankful for what?
    For the concrete statues or for the state of the citizens?

  16. Rana says:

    Imaad Majeed, I would like to give you an advice. There are so many important matters in SL than erecting Buddha statues or Dagabas. I think you are a journalist. Why did not you talk about thosands of Islamic people chase away by LTTE from Jaffna and still living in shanties in Puttalam area. Why did not you fight for their rights or at least write a column about their grievences?

    In eastern SL thousands of Buddhist sacred places vandalised by Muslims within last 30years. They encroach into buddhist archaeological sites. In Pothuvil the land belongs to Muhudu Maha Viharaya is one example. With the help from Pothuvil divisional secretary and the politicians they settled muslim families there. Not only that they threatening monks living there. Because of that an army unit establish inside the temple. Recently chief monk request from Divisional secretary to give “civic centre”[Praja Shalawa] temporary to this army unit because no enough room in the temple. Within one week this “Praja Shalawa” converted to a primary school by the Divisional Secretary and the politician in this area to prevent army occupy it. How can “Praja Shalawa” converted to a primary school WITHIN ONE WEEK? I CAN GIVE YOU MORE EXAMPLES LIKE THIS IF YOU WANT.
    And finally The Minister of Justice came to temple last year and told chief monk as a warning tone,”You have no right to live here. These lands belongs to us.Go somewhere else. If you like to go I’ll give you a “Justice of Peace” title.

  17. Anonymous says:

    ISS: You are nothing but a day dreamer.

    If Ranawaka was a born Catholic and now a Buddhist, so be it. If that was true, many others of his ilk would have followed his footsteps and shed all different messages of that nasty God of Abraham.

    By the way, there live very many Ranawakas where I happened to live right now nd I know they are relatives of Champika. But I do not know anyone of them being Christian let alone Catholic. So, drop your pretences and tell us straight ISS whether you are a tiger and you hate Sinhala Buddhists.

  18. Dharshika says:

    How one sided can a story like this get ? There are a large number of Hindu temples coming up anew or being rebuilt along the A9. In fact a beautiful Murugan temple has been built in Madampe, just before reaching Chilaw. The huge Murugan statues on the outer and inner faces of the gopuram, are very beautiful to behold. The sanctum-sanctorum is surrounded by a lotus pond-Thamarai Thadaham. The sculpture in this temple is exquisite. This temple was built by a Tamil in a predominently Sinhala area. The Ganesha statues in Anuradhapura are increasing in number and becoming bigger. These are being built or enlarged by Sinhalese. These aspects have been ignored by the author.

    Lord Buddha, a Hindu, tried to reform Hinduism. However his preachings have become the basis for Buddhism. To us Hindus, he is a pre-eminent Hindu. What is the harm in Buddha statues or stupas coming up in the north and east? In fact the Kilinochchi Buddha statue has Sivan-Parvathy on one side and Luxmy on the other. Hinduism and Buddhism are growing closer in Sri Lanka. More Buddhists are praying at Hindu temples than ever before. In many Hindu temples the Buddhists are the main patrons. A very welcome development.

    Hinduism and Buddhism are kin- parent and child. Should Hinduism and Buddhism be made the elements for new political fissures and communal disharmony? Buddhist priests have help restore ruined Hindu temples in the Vanni. There are of course vicious elements among the Sinhala-Buddhists as much as among Tamil-Hindus. There are such elements among the Christians and Muslims too. However, the majority among those who profess these religions are innocent God-fearing people.

    The autor says,” This has caused a stir among local Tamil communities who whisper (Yes they can still only whisper or speak of it in hushed tones, too afraid to make public their protests) that this one more example of Sinhala chauvinism stamping on the cultural and religious sensitivities of the Tamil community”. What crap? What cheap journalism? He has of course noticed the stir- an overt reaction- among a multitude of Tamils who are afraid to speak out or protest! What a contradiction! There are thousands of Sinhala-Buddhist soldiers in the north and east. They will worship at these Buddhist temples. There is thus a need. Should they be denied the right of worship?

    To me this article seems a sinister endeavour to create more trouble and disaffection among the peoples in Sri Lanka.

  19. Lanka liar says:

    It is better to park a white van in every Buddha stupa , because it was his official vehicle . Buddha was born in Killinochni and went to school in Jaffna played cricket in Mannar so we must construct Buddha stupa in all these places. Also he was a taxi driver who was driving the A9 road so it is appropriate to have them along A9 also. We must construct one in every railway station because he was a station master for some time. Oh he used the toilets so……

  20. Rasu says:

    Rana ..What’s the problem on re-settlement of Muslims in Jaffna instead of wasting money on erecting statues of Buddha and billboard of Rajapaksas. After all Namal RAjapaksa and President Mahinda both keep running to Pakistan to Palestine for diplomacy and to the Emirs in between for money to be used to build Buddhist shrines ?

  21. Jegan says:

    Dear Readers,

    Any talk of buddhism belonging to sinhalese, I would say born out of ignorance..There were Buddhist Tamils in the past, Zen Buddhism was written by a tamil..It is high time for Tamils to become monks, only way to counter this..

  22. Aru says:

    I was at a Buddhist Monastery North of Toronto recently. The resident monk there speaks Sinhala and English, is from Sri Lanka. There is also another Buddhist who speaks Tamil fluently and can guide visitors there. It was an enchanting experience, visiting there and listening to the Monk talk about Buddhism. I have no ‘problem’ going there regularly.

    The ‘problem’ arises when there certain type of ‘Sinhalisation’ that comes along when temples are brought in with state assistance and with the intention of altering demographics plus also enforce hegemony via lanuguage etc.. i.e certain similar measures, say what China does to Tibetans.

  23. Mohamed Nafeer - Maradana says:

    We need more Buddhist stupas, Vihare’s and Buddhist statues in Sri Lanka to chase away all the
    Devils created by the MR Govt.including Greese Yakka’s.

  24. True Nation says:

    So far Lord Buddha was with wrong people and he is now moving tomards the right place. You have to have certain charcteristics and believes to be a buddhist and Sinhala people (most) appears to do not have that to become buddhists. How can you become a buddhist by holding sword against innocent tamils and muslims? Do you think Buddha can sleep peacefully inside a military camp? Do you thing Buddha gave orders to perish 40,000 unarmed innocent tamils including children and women. Do you think Buddha. Asoka gave up the war to become a buddhist. Mahinda took the power to carry out war and kill innocent tamils. Buddha cannot and should not live with Sinhala. He should move with tamils.

  25. Anonymous says:

    So much has been said in this very piece and the comments thereupon, I wonder if mine would add to confusion or clarity, to this controversial subject … .. .

    1) There is already enough areas of dissension among our communities. A saner position would be to refrain from introducing newer elements that readily inflame.

    2) Religion is dear to the soul. It raises more passion than even Language. It is better left to the individuals and elders.

    3) The politicians and the Forces have their own fields of influence on men and women. Religion need not be one of them.

    4) Building Temples is a service that is better left to men of the communities. There is no necessity for political or military intervention.

    5) No faith is inferior or superior to that of the next. Religion is a pious tool that delivers peace of mind. It should not be used as a political tool.

    A just end to our strife could be arrived at, if only all good men of faith and devotion could put our hearts and minds to it. Call it divine intervention, if you will!

  26. Ranjan, Toronto says:

    AMT asked
    Can any body tell, weather Lord Buddha ever wanted these statues??

    Statuary in Buddhism started with the interaction of Buddhist and Greek cultures probably 300 to 500 years Buddha’s time. The first Buddha statues were found in the area that is now Afganisthan and Northern Pakistan. They look distinctly Greek. In fact in the Kabul museum there are Buddha statues with very prominent Greek mythical figures and kings like Herculese and Alexander worshipping Buddha!

    Few years ago, there was an amazing five part PBS series called “The story of India”. One part dealt exclusively about Buddhism, its raise and its subsequent disappearance from India. That episode also dealt with the Buddhist culture and how the statues and other Buddhist icons like stupas came to being.

  27. muzammil says:

    Hi A M T
    Answer to your question is, “NO” and in this case,
    even the larger Budhist majority didn’t ask for it.
    It’s the work of Habitual Communal Politics which
    is lost in search of fresh thinking.

  28. bana nathan says:

    Judging from the responses, the idea that this land belongs to the Buddhists seems to be popular among the majority of the Sinhalese respondents. Where is this idea coming from?
    Is it from the school text books? or is it from the politicians?
    That much of the governments in South Asia has some form of fascism as the ruling ideology, a statement made by the eminent historian Romilar Thapar seems to be especially true for Sri Lanka where both politicians and psuedo historians have got together to craft a history of Sri Lanka that is a complete fabrication.

    That the Sinhalese and Tamils have been in Sri Lanka since the first chieftaincies and kingdoms emerged after the iron age is now not disputed by any serious historians of ancient south asia. And that Tamils and Sinhalese share a lot in common due to such heritage.
    But the modaya’s persist in such fallacies, especially those modaya’s who have become so westernized and who are in fear of losing their very identity to the west.

  29. Raja says:

    Dharshika Hindu Temples are built by People. There is one built in Wellawatte by Sinhala person. WHile the 29 statutes were built by government That is the difference of the occupational army

  30. Jazz says:

    This is part of the ‘re-integration’ plan, so that we will never have a mono-ethnic & mono-religious region in any part of the country.I feel they should build more buddhist temples, churches, mosques & hindu kovils in all parts of the country & especially in the north so as to ‘spiritually cleanse’ our people.

  31. Selvan says:

    I had seen stray dogs urinate around small Buddhist temples dotted around the country.

    Now the northern dogs also get the pleasure.

    Pay no attention. The Fashion will stop at some point.

  32. HolmungP says:

    Rana,
    Imaad Majeed will write about what he wants to write- not what you want to hear. take the middle path dude- some nice meditation to sober you up would go a long way!
    Peace!

    Jack D

  33. Ganapathy Moorthy says:

    What’s wrong with erecting Buddha statutes? After all they are monuments of one of the greatest saint the world has seen. There are numerous Hindu temples in the South, in the Singhalese dominated areas. There are numerous churches all over the country. After all Buddhism has many connection with Hinduism. Lord Buddha was born a Hindu. Christianity has nothing to do with Tamils or Hinduism before the arrival of foreigners in our land. Most of the Tamils as well as Singhalese people embraced Christianity, just because the rulers of the country for some 450 years happened to be Christians. And also to get favours from the rulers, like employment, and for education purpose a considerable part of the population converted to Christianity. Can anyone deny that? Buddhism has greatly enhanced Tamil literature. Three of the 5 greatest literature pieces in Tamil have Buddhist connection. The Manni Pallava Theevu, nowadays called Naina Tivu or Naga deep, is an existing example of the Buddhist influence in the North.

  34. wije says:

    According to TNA member M. A. Sumanthiran, the presence of Buddha statues in these areas is a “message that the character of the area has been changed. It is a cultural intrusion”. He also mentioned an ancient Hindu temple that was demolished in Kanniya, Trincomalee, and a Buddha statue built in its place. The foundation of the kovil now holds a Buddhist flag, adding insult to injury.

    Could somebody please provide more details? What is the name of the kovil? I consulted S. Pathmanathan’s “Hindu Temples of Sri Lanka” but found no ancient kovil in Kanniya (I did find Vijayaraja Iswaram in Kantale and Tampalakamam temple).

  35. Joseph De Vazz - Kotehena says:

    Sri Lankan Buddhists are thankfull to Lord Buddha for killing of over 40,000 innocent Tamils at Vellai Mullivakkaal in the Mullaitivu District in may 18, 2009. The Sri Lankan Air Force will not bomb Buddha Statues or temples so the Tamils can hide behind or dig a bunker under it to safe guard future bombings

  36. A. Sellathurai says:

    It is surely a capital investment to increase their numbers in future parliamentary elections. As pointed out by Aratai it would also serve as a hiding place to the locals (who still remain not driven out to their ‘place of origin’) when ‘humanitarian’ operation restarts.

  37. Ilaya Seran Senguttuvan says:

    I will respond to some of the views expressed.

    There is absolutely nothing wrong in a Catholic becoming a Buddhist. Theoritically, legally or culturally, for one born of one religion embracing another by conviction and belief is not barred in our free and tolerant society. I am proud we are out of the medieval mind set where one and his family are harmed – sometimes brutally killed – for voluntarily changing religion. We have reason to rejoice we are not part of the barbarous religious intolerance we see in other parts of the world attracting wide condemnation from all civilised societies.

    Alec Robertson was a much sought-after teacher and conscientious practitioner of the religion. President Premadasa appointed him to Parliament. This was a debated move consistent with Premadasa’s intellectual trajectory. He probably thought he was serving the cause of Buddhism by this “meritorious” act Robertson hardly contributed to the development of the Parliamentary culture or the lively – sometimes acerbic – debates at the times where he sat, mostly in silence, in the House.

    Indian Estate workers setting up shrines and small temples was not to reduce the rest of the country into minority status. They did so because wherever a Hindu Tamil goes, even in the smallest communities, there is usually a place of prayer that come up. But these are built only for the purpose of prayers-rituals and not as a ruse to gain political power. You see evidence in Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Fiji, S. Africa, Mauritius and elsewhere where Hindus were taken as workers by the Colonial British. In almost all of these they vigorously celebrated Maha Sivarathiri yesterday – according to the networks. When I visited Canada 10 years ago, I was surprised at the number of Hindu temples that have come up – many built with Govt funds to encourage multi-culturalism. They remain to serve the people in their religious purposes only.

    Prince Siddhartha had no need of reforming Hinduism, as a reader misleads himself here. But he was, as a Saukyan, concerned with some of the Brahminic ritual practises at that time that served to benefit the Brahmins disproportionately. This is one of the reasons why the Buddha is considered a reformer and one well ahead of his times – a factor that has brought such a long following for him from all over the world – including from here. In fact he had the support of many other citizens at that time who wished for a change. Hinduism, in many ways, has not remained medieval. It has been subject to change with the times as it is tolerant of all religions. Generally no non-Hindu entering a temple is refused entry or asked what his religion is in doctrinaire terms.

    I have observed here and elsewhere to effect there appears to be re-thinking in the south now- in the right direction. I, therefore, applaud the Madampe and Anuradhapura statues referred to here. Not long ago a group of Buddhists in Matara, under the leadership of some Buddhist priests of the area, re-started a Hindu place of worship that had gone into inaction and decay due to various communal incidents beginning from 1958. This is a welcome development in our recent inter-communal history. Allowed to themselves, I am sure, Tamils in Jaffna will cooperate with and help new Buddhist temples that have come up in latter years for the purpose of worship for the Sinhala soldiers/police whose temporary presence is required there.

    I resent the suggestion Tamils are minorities and that a favour has been done to them in allowing them the right of worship. The Tamils in the NEP have been, are and will be
    the majority in their historical areas of habitation – no matter whatever armed or numerical might sent in to put them in place as was sadly the case since the 1960s. .

    ISS

  38. rajesrajah says:

    In 2010 I was visiting the north travellig in an SUV with three others.Passing Elephant Pass suddenly I a v. big Buddha statue sitting on the strip of grass verge backing the old unused railway tracks and facing the A9 highway appeared.The three others were from Jaffna and made no comments to me.A few miles further another appeared sitting in the same manner yet again another appeared,same size etc. suddenly horn blared behind us,our driver muttered something the man seated in font told him to slow down and move over and stop.In this few minuites after horning once the driver behind now had his hand on the horn and there was this long blast going on.I turned,who this rude driver could be and to see that it was a southern bus with a load of tourist.As the bus sped past us on this narrow road the oncoming vehicle narrowly escaped by cutting into our side and came to a stop in front of us.Two cyclists towards whom the bus was speeding fell against the fence narrowly escaping being run over by this maniac driver of the bus.The bus went on at break neck speed regardless.
    As the car in front of reversed waved to us and continued we did the same.
    In another couple of yards another similar Lord Budha’s sitting Statues appeared.
    Behind this buse 3 more southern buses with pilgrims sped past horns blaring.I noticed that all buses had two big Budhist flags crossed over and tied in front of the engine.

    None of these buses stopped at any of the Lord Buddha’s statues to show respect nor pray.
    I was saddened and thought- such desrespect.Why do the Busdhists make Lord Budha’s statues so cheap in the eyes of the budhists as well as people ofother faith.

    Now I hear the intelligent crows having watched this unmoving statue have ventured to sit on the shoulders and heads of Lord Buddha in the early morning hours and late evening and purge on the statue.

    All statues are full of crow excreta.So much for the above budhists who are raving mad,arguing on various points.
    The simple matter is keep Lord Buddha in a shrine room somewhat a holy place.Make sure there are budhists around to visit him daily.
    Surely in the North he sits lonely and neglected.Such stupid action causing
    a rediculous setting.

    Those who want to pray will find HIM.Putting up more and more statues and building stupas and dagobas will not make man a good budhists.Whose idea was this.

    Wake up and clean your hearts of hatred, follow Lord Budha’s compassionate words.We don’t need crosses and stutues in front of us to pray.NO,wedon;t look for these every few miles.Our Gods will hear us if we pray deligently with love and compassion for others with or without a statue or shrine.
    The army has its own Budha statue in their camp.They do’nt want to stop at the ‘road side statue’ to pray.Sounds rediculous to find excuses and ends up in humiliating Lord Buddha.

  39. Dharshika says:

    Hinduism needed reform because Brahminism and associated rituals had diluted its profounness and undermined its core. Lord Buddha’s mission was to reform this corrupted ‘Hinduism’. There is a need for such a reformer now.

    Further, about the reference to the government/ armed forces building the Bhuddhist temples and Buddha statues, I want to point out that several Hindu temples in the north and east have been reconstructed with government assistance (The Thiruketheeswaranm temple is one example). If I remember right some have been reconstructed with armed forces assistance. Temples to Saraswathy- schools- have been reconstructed in the north and east by the armed forces.

    Unless we approach contentious issues with equanimity and objectivity, we will not progress. Politicians and journalists are the bane of modern society. They exaggerate, distort, lie and promote unhealthy agenda in their self interest. Unfortunately, like the oldest profession in the world, they are needed. This is our dilemma. We should not be taken in by the utterences of politicians and journalists and cry wolf too often. Our story should not become like that of the shepard boy who cried wolf often!

  40. Anpu says:

    Navy constructi​ng Buddhist temple near to the Palaithivu St. Antony’s church

  41. Raja says:

    Dhrashiak must be dreaming. All those Hindu temples were built by Tamils not by teh murderous army or war crime government

  42. Raja says:

    Dhrashika go to Kataragama and watch the ritualism of Buddhist in Hindu Temples. What a reform by buddha

  43. earl of wessex says:

    stray dogs urinating and diarrhoreal crows shitting on the statues / temples – what fun ! as they become more and more neglected, they can become ‘air raid shelters’ and ‘no-fire zones’ officially provided by SLG to the rebellious ‘natives’ when the next Eelam war commences – as was pointed out, SL airforce will not bomb these statues / temples !!

  44. Chaminda Tilakumara says:

    We need more statues – I’d say old chap. Better than pics of ole Velu eh?

  45. Ilaya Seran Senguttuvan says:

    Sanathana Dharma (The Law Eternal) is the evolving Codes of Conduct and Righteousness practised from around 9,000 years ago in Ancient India (later
    to be separated by the Colonialists and other into Nepal, Burma, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sikkim and so on) What now goes as Hinduism is an integral part of that great tradition that periodically brings forth remarkable men of learning. Prince Siddhartha was one and was well ahead of his times and wise he was called the Wise One (Budh in most North Indian languages – and Puththi/Budhi in S. Indian languags) Of the more recent ones was Bhagwan Sri Sathya Sai Baba, who has a large following here including the Rajapakse family, Ranil Wickremasinghe, Karu Jayasuriya among others in our ruling and public life.

    It has sufficient wisdom, personnel and evolutionary strength to correct whatever weaknesses that occur with changing times.

    It is best those who think they are exceptionally wise here now to set right their own brand of religion (coming from India, as it is) that requires much require, shine and light before we foolishly undertake to reform the oldest religion in the world.

    ISS

  46. J.Muthu says:

    Symbol of sinhala must be removed from tamil land at any cost.

  47. Ban says:

    I do not know what happens we singhalese. I also saw this recently and it is not appealing at all. I am a singhalese Buddhist but I never leant this king of bhudism. This kind of childish works shows the workd how stupid and immature we are. Please stop building these statues, spend that money wisely, build a houses for innocent people in these areas. Support president,s idea of making the area rice and soya area. Whoever implementing these does not support him. STUPID .

  48. Walter says:

    It is unfortunate that the Sinhalese act as if they have a franchise for Buddha and Buddhism. Buddhism is probably the most noble teachings in the World. Buddha’s message was one of PEACE not one that is forced on people like Christianity and Christians do. By forcefully erecting Buddha statues, the so called Buddhists are in actual fact reducing Buddhism to the same level as Christianity. It displays the lack of knowledge of Buddhism by who ever is behind the project. I hope all non-Buddhists will have pity on these people and not react adversely. PLEASE UNDERSTAND THAT THIS IS DEFINITELY NOT BUDDHISM.

  49. Andy Sydney says:

    Hey Immad Majeed

  50. Dharshika says:

    The discussion here has unfortunately digressed. The questions to be answered are:

    As against the Buddha statues and stupas built in the north and east,
    1. How many “Hindu’temples have been reconstructed and by whom and where?
    2.How many ‘Hindu’temples have been built anew and by whom and where?
    3. How many “Hindu’temples have been renovated and by whom and where?
    4. How many ‘Hindu’temples are derelict or badly damaged and what should be done about them?

    Can the All Ceylon Hindu Congress (ACHC) or the TNA come up with this information?

    The urinating dogs and excreta of resting crows are also a ‘problem’ with unprotected ‘Hindu’ statues placed under various trees at regular intervals on road sides in the north and east. These statues are only symbols that represent aspects of divinity. They are not the ‘Divine’. They remind us of the divine. Dog urine, crow excreta, rain and dirt, do not diminish their symbolic value. Dogs and crows are also part of the divinity. One has to see divinity in everything- good and bad; the beautiful and the ugly; the ordinary and the extra-ordinary; the dirt and the universe- to be true Hindu.

    Finally, ‘The exceptionally wise’ also do not accept Sri Satya Sai Bawa as a ‘Wise- one’ and the followers mentioned, make him that. ‘The exceptionally wise’also know that ‘Siddhis’ attained at the initial stages on the spritual path, should not be used as magic to attract followers. Sri Satya Baba was a phenomenon no doubt, but he was not in the league of the ‘Wise ones’. Swami Vivekananda rejected the religious men who used ‘Siddhis’to promote their product when he was in search for a guru. He selected Ramakrishna Paramahamsar as guru and he was als accepted as a ‘Sishya’ because he was after something more profound than magic. Anyway, this aspect of the ‘Modern Gurus’ is for the ‘Éxceptionally wise’ to discuss.

  51. laksiri says:

    if all can follow the teaching of Buddha ,no matter how many states make all man kind have place to lives with dignity and respect our major problems today is not respect of the Buddha teaching and make serious of humanness to minority people over 50 years. Muttu you kind of animal make thinks versus and never can find solution .

  52. RAVANA. says:

    I am a strong advocate of promoting Sinhala/Tamil, amity.At Maligawatte in Sri Lanka,my house was repeatedly stoned and a part of it as burned.I lost several important docments including the Birth Certificate,and several others including one from issued by the University of London. All this as done by Sinhalese for harbouring the Rajadurain Family of Manipai. I did not give up but helped protect overe 43 families which were displaced.This was during the hieght of the Clashes.
    I felt sorry disappointed and ashamed by reading the damagnig, hight indecent and clssically vulgar Tamil commnents contained in this contribution. Some Tamils are as indesent and vulger as animls. Dont’they know a decent way of expresiing their
    views, without disparaging, condeming and utterly disgrcing Buddhism,the Sinhalese,the Ministers, the Clergy and even the noble birhs people.Wth this type of cads among Tamils, I dont feel, brimging about econciliation amity among the two ethnics is ever possible. You are biting the hands of he sinhala that streth for amilty and reconciliatrion. Tamils are aliens,they cameq here uninvited, either as intuders,labourers,kallathonys in search of greenerpastures, from arid,
    south india, and lived through the sympathies of th Sinhalese.Tamils have no homeland,hereditary or descent claims. The are second class citizens who have recongnise themselves as such. This is a taditional,Sinha homeland, the 87% of heri inhaitnts can do any thing they want,but not the Tamil aliens.

  53. Anura says:

    don’t become foolist who talk against the subject. even there is not buddhist in that area the bddihst who travel to North without fear, now can worship the way they want…

    if tamil like or not that is it and these have been erected… shut all tamils who are living in Inida (madras) and other countries….

    just hear any voice from tamils in Sri lanka….

    any issue for a own land…. just ask from India to seperate the TN for them..

  54. wije says:

    Dear RAVANA

    If you are advocating Sinhala/Tamil amity then why are you calling Tamils by such ugly words like “Kallathony?”

    My grandfather was much like you, having nothing positive at all to say about Tamils but sheltering them in the 1983 violence. He also was a ardent Buddhist but was strongly prejudiced against non-Govigama castes. Very strange, contradictory person- did not think very much about the inconsistencies of his beliefs!

  55. Harbi says:

    It’s high time that the responsible authorities take immediate actions to draw attention to the hidden ancient Buddhist heritage in the Wanni region since it is full of ample evidence of Buddhist archeological sites all over the place and expose these to the world ASAP. It is also noteworthy to mention the scale of destruction caused by LTTE and anti Buddhist elements shall be also brought to the notice of the world. The so called claim of Tamil Eellam could be easily devastated with the highlight of these Buddhist archeological sites since it provides ample evidence to prove that these areas were inhabited by Sinhala Buddhist but later occupied by Tamils.

  56. Navaratne says:

    There are lots of comments to assess this article, of course it’s our rights to put different comments but truth is very different as per my views. As JHU said erecting Buddha’s statues or sthupa are not the main issue, peace is the main issue, if any one interested about Buddhism can understand what lord Buddha said about peace, therefore Buddha’s sthupa will give harmony to everyone specially to soldiers who are living in that areas , not to do any harmful to others. On top of all one must remember why we had a 30 years war because south Indian origin people wanted separate government in Srilanka which was very harmful to Sinhalese people that’s why Sinhalese government must eradicate this Tamil war against Sinhalese, now that has been done, so if Sinhalese government is erecting sthupas that is because it’s a duty of government to establish peace in every part of the country based on Buddha’s teaching and how to live peacefully, Hinduism is the religion of Buddha before attain nirvana. Recently I visited Jaffna what I witnessed was in Nagadeepa where there must be one of the biggest Buddhist temple but instead any one can see the one of the biggest Hindu temple is visible from far end.

  57. Asif says:

    Today their are more statues than humans leading to unneccessary wastage of stones,cement and human time.
    Secondly if statues are kept open all these birds sit and shit all over the statue where the worshipped deity himself is unable to help himself.
    Get rid of all these nonsense

  58. Hussain says:

    its clear now that this country was ruled by Yakas in the past and now by Modayas

  59. Noel says:

    Ok folks.. Here’s the thing.. We all need to get on the same page.
    Religion in all forms are unnecessary and should be banned. In fact, I would restrict religion to the aged. Say, after you reach age 60, you should be allowed to declare yourself as one religion or another. Until then, you need to look for it..

    If you want to see the real truth, look here and contemplate.

    http://htwins.net/scale2/

    The more we know, the better off we all are. So, keep looking.. Good Luck…!

  60. Noel says:

    Ok folks.. Here’s the thing.. We all need to get on the same page.

    Religion in all forms are unnecessary and should be banned.

    If you want to see the truth, look here..

    http://htwins.net/scale2/

    The more we know, the better off we all are. So, keep looking.. Good Luck…!

  61. Edit says:

    So can’t Tamils be Budhists? Also does he have a problem with all the evangelical churches that have sprung up north, didn’t think suddenly lot of Christians have descended to the north!!!

  62. Putha says:

    if Buddha would have been alive today, he would have said ” Don’t build stupas, try any help your brothers with food and shelter”. helping and sharing the needy is the most important way of life for every Buddhist . I dont want to be present among the 10000 army to safeguard my existence.

  63. Sam uk says:

    Imaad Majeed

  64. Ravi Perera says:

    Ilaya Seran Senguttuvan,
    ” resent the suggestion Tamils are minorities and that a favour has been done to them in allowing them the right of worship. The Tamils in the NEP have been, are and will be
    the majority in their historical areas of habitation – no matter whatever armed or numerical might sent in to put them in place as was sadly the case since the 1960s.”

    But Muslims & the sinhalese are above 65% Eastern Province.Aren’t the Tamils already a minority

  65. Native Vedda says:

    Edit says:

    “So can’t Tamils be Budhists? Also does he have a problem with all the evangelical churches that have sprung up north, didn’t think suddenly lot of Christians have descended to the north!!!”

    I am not sure you have made life worthy of living.

    Many Tamils also were Buddhists in ancient and medieval Sri Lanka.

    Prof Sunil Ariaratne has written a book on Demila Bouthama in Sinhala language. He maintains that Buddhism came to the island from South India.

    According to 1871 Government census there were about 12,000 Tamil Buddhist in the entire island. It is highly probable that you must have turned them into Sinhala/Buddhist. Some of them may have even become minority bashing Sinhala/Buddhist supremacists.

    People should not be worried about evangelical churches that spring up in north, and Christians descending to the north as long as the people are not forced fed Christianity by the army and not Tax payers’s money is wasted on propagating religion.

    By the way Buddha visited my people in the good old days not your stupid Aryan Sinhalese and Dravidian Tamils.

  66. siri elaptha says:

    why so many comments on ths issue.sinhala populated areas there are so many churches,kovils,there were no issues.thousand years ago,there were buddhist culture prevailing there and still you find relics and old stupas,buddha staatus etc.tamils or any others shoul not worry aboot this.because of budhism,that you all had the opportunity to settle here without ant racism.

  67. Ilaya Seran Senguttuvan says:

    Walter – Franchise, your word, is understandable. But what is pretended is EXCLUSIVE franchise – that is amusing. Last year Mayawati, the CM/UP, invited
    the Buddhist World to participate in modernising Buddha Gaya. Many countries keenly responded – including (Red) China. I do not recall Sri Lanka in the list.
    So this great hype of protecting “in its pristine purity” and the self-claim leadership of Budddhism in the world is more for local consumption – and still more for use more during Elections.

    ISS

  68. lion says:

    Sri lankan society is very famous at erecting monuments……they simply do not know that a Buddhist is not made by statues but by the heart attitude towards the fellow human being…….a murderous society led by murderers no better than lifeless monuments…. See nothing..hear nothing….speak nothing……Buddhism is a cover of this murderous society….it was yesterday…today and certainly tomorrow

  69. Anonymous says:

    Dear Ravana!
    You say: “Tamils are aliens,they cameq here uninvited, either as intuders,labourers,kallathonys in search of greenerpastures, from arid,south india, and lived through the sympathies of th Sinhalese.Tamils have no homeland,hereditary or descent claims.”
    Dear Ravana! Could you prove with evidence that your ancestors did not come from South India after the 14th Century? You go through the history of the Sinhala – Theravada Buddhist nationalist extremists. Almost all of them descend from those who settled in Sri Lanka after the 14th century and became Sinhala speaking Buddhists. Dear Ravana! You ask your grand parents. They will tell you who you are!

  70. Anonymous says:

    Daer Caesar!
    Read the comment written to Ravana and answer please!

  71. Dear AMT and other Sinhala Theravada Buddhists!
    Dears! Theravada Buddhism rejects Puranas, Literature, Symbilization, Symbolization of Buddha and Buddhism, music, dance, Iconography, painting and other forms of fine arts. Mahayana Buddhism only accepts these. If you go through the Sandesaya poems, you willfind this information.
    Though the Sinhalese claim themselves as the Theravada Buddhists, they now practice Mahayana Buddhism! So give up worshiping statue of Buddha, Boa tree, building Dagobas etc.
    You people have not studied the subject Symbolization scientifically. Thus your religious leaders, historians and archaeologists could not explain the symbols marked on Brahmi Inscriptions of the South, coins, seals etc. and the statues and sculptures. All these were designed or made by the Mahayana Buddhists! Not by the Sinhala Theravada Buddhists!
    Dears! Before writing Comments, and talking politics, please study Buddhism, the subjects Symbolization and symbolization of Buddha and Buddhism!
    You Theravada Buddhists do not know what the Lion holding a sword placed inside a rectangle with pinnacles placed at the corners symbolize. The lion placed inside the rectangle with pinnacles at the corners symbolizes LORD BUDDHA and not the SINHALESE!
    This flag was captured in the Kandy where the sacred Tooth Relic is placed inside an octagonal building by the British in 1815 and taken to Brirain. This flag was later discovered in the Royal Military Hospital Chelsea!
    Lord Buddha had been symbolized with Lion, Elephant, Bull, Horse and a pair of foot.
    Unless you study the subject Symbolization, you will not be able to understand this.
    Professor Paranavithana who wrote a grand book on the Brahmi inscriptions of Lanka could not explain over 65 symbols found marked on them!

  72. Native Vedda says:

    wije says:

    “If you are advocating Sinhala/Tamil amity then why are you calling Tamils by such ugly words like “Kallathony?””

    Ravana is half right in calling the Tamils kallathony. He should have called Sinhalese are also Kallathonies.

    Ravana

    Please keep addressing both stupid Tamils and Sinhalese Kallathonies. I will stand by you. We both can make this island a happy place.

    Ravana says:

    ” Tamils are aliens,they cameq here uninvited, either as intuders,labourers,kallathonys in search of greenerpastures, from arid,
    south india, and lived through the sympathies of th Sinhalese”

    Sinhalese were also aliens came to my island uninvited as convicted criminals, misfits….by kallathonies and lived through tolerance of my people.

    Since the Tamils and Sinhalese are Kallathonies why cannot both go back to your own kingdoms?

  73. Dear Ganapathy Moorthy!
    You have written: “Buddhism has greatly enhanced Tamil literature. Three of the 5 greatest literature pieces in Tamil have Buddhist connection.”
    Dear! In ancient time, the Tamils were MAHAAYAANA Buddhists! They only had spread Buddhism from Japan in the East to Alexandria in the West. The Tamil and Tamil Braahmi inscriptions and ‘Siva,’ ‘Vishnu’ and other statues found all over these regions confirm this!
    Almost all the Tamil epics, Kaavyas and other literature were composed by the Tamil Mahaayaana Buddhists. Thirukkural, Aathisuudy etc. also belong to Mahaayaana Buddhism. Even ‘Raamaayana’ is a Mahaayaana Buddhist Kaavya.
    If you find out correctly what the year ” Iir Ennuutrodu iir eddu Aandu” (2×800 + 2×8) mentioned in the Tamil epic Manimeekalai corresponds in our era, and understand what are said in the other lines, then only you will understand that ‘Raamaayana’ was based on the history of Buddhism in Lanka, in particular Lanka becoming a Buddhist state again after over 70 years of Cola rule! The Tamil inscription of Polonnaruwa is also important to understand this.
    In the study the Tamil literature, the study of stanzas placed at the beginning of the literatures is very important. Symbolization of Buddhism could be done in the literary form as well.
    If you place stanzas praising ‘the Triple Gem’: the Buddha, Dhamma and Sanga at the beginning of a literature, you associate that literature with Buddhism. To be Precise: Mahayana Buddhism.In Kamba Ramayana, Thirukkural, Silappathikaram etc. the Triple Gem is praised at the beginning. In some Sinhala literature like Budhugunaalankaraya, Guttilakavyaya, Parakumbasarita, Sasadaavata, Vayantimalaya etc. also, we find stanzas that praise the triple gem being placed at their beginning.
    Even the Tamil grammar book Tholkaapiyam was composed by the Mahaayaana Buddhists!
    To understand why the Mahaayaana Buddhists studied different languages and made use of literature and all forms of arts, you must understand the fundamental difference between Theravada Buddhism and Mahayana Buddhism. In Theravada Buddhism, the renounced, those who have joined the Sanga only could attain Nibbana. But in the Mahayana Buddhism all could attain Nibbana. To help all the people to understand Buddha’s Preaching and to assist them to practice Buddhism, Mahaayaana Buddhists made use of all forms of arts and literature.
    This was how worshiping Statues, Boa tree, Sacred tooth, pair of Foot etc. were introduced by the Mahaayaana Buddhists.
    Above all, ‘Saivaism’ is actually the perfected philosophy of Mahaayaana Buddhism and Lord ‘Siva’ is actually an imaginary god created on the basis of Buddha’s Preaching. It could be confirmed through Saiva Siddhantha Books and statues of Lord Siva. As an example: We find Lord Siva carrying a Trisuula, hand drum and a burning flame on his palm and have ‘the Triple Stripes’ on his forehead. If you find out what these severally and jointly symbolize, you will know what Lord Siva is!
    According to Mahayana Buddhism, all could attain Nibbana, eradicating the cycle of Birth and Death. This would cause the human society to disappear! Thus, to overcome this problem, the God ‘Siva’ was created and said that he was responsible for the creation and destruction of everything and was told: “புல் ஆகிப் புடாகி, புழுவாகி, மரமாகி, பல் மிருகமாகி. பறவையாய், பாம்பாய், கல்லாய், மனிதராய்” (Sivapuraanam of Maanickavaasakar. Thus it would take billions and billions of years for the human society to disappear from the earth.
    So dears! Stop your jaw-jaw fights and study all these, analyze and then come to a correct conclusion on politics of Lanka!

  74. Ilaya Seran Senguttuvan says:

    Ravi Perera (Feb 22 – 5/27 am) shows once more he is out of depth in discussing the complex National Question. Tamils are a minority there NOW. Have you ever heard of the Tamils stiff oppostion from the late 1940s to now against State-aided Colonisastion calculated to change the demographic reality of the EP? Now that it is completed in the EP, a similar effort is on in the Northern Province with the active physical presence of the army.

    Surely, my friend ???

    ISS

  75. Dharshika says:

    I cannot resist responding to Uthayakumar’s comment relating to Lord Siva and Mahayana Buddhism. Lord Siva in the form of Natarajan (The Dancing King) symblizes energy. Quantum physics and scientists of the caliber of Oppenheimer and Frijof Capra have recognised that the ‘Dancing Siva’ represents the dance of the subatomic particles that embody sheer energy. A new particle has been identified within the atom recently and has been named the ‘God’s particle’. Energy manifests in many forms and can be creating, caring and destructive (Padaithal, Kaathal and Allithal). The Hindus have attributed these functions to their primordial God- Siva.

    Indra Gandhi, wrote in her introduction to a book on Natarajah, “One cannot but marvel at the deep insight and sweep of imagination of our ancients to visualize cosmic energy in the form of Natarajah. The dance of Nataraja symbolizes truth and beauty; realization and dissolution; force and rhythm; movement and change; time flowing and time still. Nataraja is the representation of the divine as creator and artist”.

    The lines – Pullahi Poonaahi…- recognises the evolutionary manifestations of life and hence the soul in the context of Karma and re-birth. The author of the Sivapuranam and those who preceded him understood this concept far ahead of Charles Darwin. Pattinathar too in his ‘Oru mada mathum oruvanum ahi’ song (usually sung at funerals) reveals an understanding of conception, embryology and the various stages of life, quite comprehensively, at a time and age preceding modern science and the microscope. His identification of the stages of life is far more comprehensive than Shakespear’s (Seven stages of man)!

    Further, the concept of Lord Siva, arose millenia before the advent of Buddhism. Buddhism no doubt has left its mark on subsequent Tamil literature and social and religious ethos. It has enriched Hinduism and Tamil culture. Buddhism is part of the Tamil cultural and religiious heritage. It reached the Tamils in India before it reached Sri Lanka.

  76. Ravi Perera says:

    My Dear Ilaya Seran Senguttuvan

    About the state aided colonisation in EP. We have discussed extensively about this subject. The term colonisation is wrongly used by the tamils here. What is this Eastern Province you talk about. The initial EP had a sinhala majority due to the presence of Polonnaruaw district (When there were only 5 provinces) Later When the British Demarcated 9 provinces the Eastern Province was ccreated in a such a manner that relatively thickly populated Coastal areas were annexed with sparsely populated Sinhala villages to create an ILLUSION. Tamils were restricted to an area of about 10 miles from the coast and that did not mean the Tamils were everywhere in the East.
    Resettling Sinhala people in the East was like the black man getting his due place in SouthAfrica.
    Can you tell me which part of history did the Tamils rule the East, Can you tell me one single country that accuses the Sri Lankan government of colonisation. The DARUSMAN REPORT which talks of WAR CRIMES Clearlly says that the land should be equitably distributed.

  77. Dear Dharshika.
    Unlike in Christianity,Islam, Judaism etc., a scientific study on Symbolization is very important subject in the study of Saivaism, Vaishnavism, Buddhism and Jainism. Also, in the study of seals, amulets and statues of the Indus valley civilization, we need a thorough knowledge on Symbolization.
    But, so far nobody has done a scientific study on the subject symbolization.Thus, all the explanations given on ancient inscriptions with symbols, coins, seals, paintings, statues, sculptures etc. have been wrong and imaginary. To my knowledge, I have not seen an article or a book written on scientific study of symbols used in India and Lanka by Oppenheimer or Frijof Capra or Indra Gandhi !
    So far no statue of Lord Siva or Lord Vishnu belonging to the 6th Century before the Common Era has been discovered. On the other hand, to my knowledge, no Tamil or Sanskrit literature written before the period of Buddha had given the physical description of Lord Siva and Lord Vishnu. In almost all the statues so far discovered, we find Lord Siva having triple stripe on his forehead, holding a hand drum and a trisuula and having a burning flame on his palm. What all these severally and jointly symbolize?
    A hand drum, like a bell, conch etc. make sound that could be heard by everyone in the surrounding. Therefore, it could symbolize an announcement to everyone or preaching something to everyone without any discrimination.
    Therefore, logically speaking, Lord Siva must carry something that symbolize what is being preached by him to everyone.
    Here only the trisuula comes.What does the trisuula symbolize?
    In a trisuula, the two outer prongs point the opposite directions and the third one is in the middle. Therefore, the trisuula could symbolize the Middle Path! We can have hundreds of other symbols of this nature to symbolize the Middle Path. Had you studied trigonometry, you yourself could invent such symbols.
    Therefore, a trisuula and a hand drum in combination could symbolize PREACHING THE MIDDLE PATH TO EVERYONE!
    The Middle Path is the fundamental philosophy of Buddhism and is the Buddhist Dhamma!
    A burning flame could symbolize light or enlightenment.
    Therefore, these three symbols combined could symbolize Preaching the Middle Path that produces enlightenment to everyone! The Four Vedas are not preached to everyone! Torah is not preached to everyone except the Jews! But Buddhism is preached to everyone breaking the caste, race, colour, language, sex and boundries!
    Thus, Lord Siva is an imaginary god created on the basis of Buddha’s Preaching.
    This could be further confirmed with the Triple stripe Lord Siva wears on his forehead.
    The Triple stripe also symbolizes the Middle Path! Two parallel outer lines separated by the third line in the middle symbolizes the Middle Path.
    Therefore, Lord Siva himself is associated with the Middle Path! Therefore, Lord Siva is an imaginary God created on the basis of Lord Buddha and his Preaching!
    This could be further confirmed with the name given to this god: SIVAN’ in Tamil and ‘SIVA’ in Sanskrit.
    If we ask our Saiva Pundits and Tamil professors what does the word “SIVAN’ mean, they will not be able to explain for the simple reason that none of them know the word – meaning relationship of the Tamil written language!
    The word ‘சிவன்’ is ‘ச் + இ + உ + அ + ன்.’ or ‘சிவ்’ + அன்.’
    According to the great Tamil grammarian THOLKAAPIYAN and the Commentators Theivachchilaiyaar, Nacchinaarkiniyar and Seenavaraiyar, there is a definite cause (காரணம்) for a Tamil word to give meaning.If you analyze this, you will be able to find out that in Tamil language each and every basic sound has certain description on the basis of ‘nature’ (தன்மை) and a word gives a complete description on the basis of ‘nature.’ Greek Plato also have mentioned this in his ‘Cratylus Dialogue.’ In the Cratylus Dialogue, description given by 9 basic sounds are given. Tholkaapiyam also gives the descriptions done by two sounds எ and ஐ.
    With a Tamil Dictionary and using very small words, like solving a simple algebraic equation, we will be able to find all the descriptions done by all the basic sounds.
    With such a scientific study, I have found that:
    ‘ச்’ denotes மேன்மைத் தன்மை; ‘இ’ denotes ‘நிறைவு’ தன்மை; ‘உ’ உயிர்ப்புத் தன்மை; ‘அ’ denotes ‘கொண்டிருக்கும்’ தன்மை; and ‘ன்’ denotes ‘உள்’ தன்மை.
    ‘சிவன்’ = ‘சிவ்’ + ‘அன்.’ That is a person of ‘Siv’(‘சிவ்’) nature is ‘Sivan.’
    ‘சிவ்’ is ‘ச் + இ + உ.’ Therefore, ‘Siv’ is ‘மேன்மை நிறைவுத் தன்மை.’ We identify the nature ‘மேன்மை நிறைவுத் தன்மை’ in a number of things. As examples: அன்பு, அறம்,புனிதம், அருள், அறிவு. அழகு, இன்பம், ஒளி, செம்மை, இனிமை. etc.
    Therefore, the word ‘Sivan’ could mean:அன்பு மயமானவன். அறமயமானவன், புனிதமயமானவன், அருள் மயமானவன், அறிவன், ஆசிரியன், போதனையாளன், அழகன், இனியவன், இன்பமயமானவன், ஒளிமயமானவன். செம்மையானவன்,….
    All these could be attributed to Lord Buddha also. Please see the Commentary on ‘ViirasooLiyam’ by Peruntheevan.
    Thus, language wise also, Lord ‘SIVAN’ corresponds to Lord Buddha!
    Now consider Lord Vishnu.
    Lord Vishnu carries a conch by his left hand and a disc rotated by his right forefinger.
    A conch, like a bell, hand drum etc.makes sound that could be heard by everyone in the surrounding. Therefore it could symbolize Preaching something to every one or making announcement to everyone.
    A disc rotated by the forefinger could symbolize the Middle Path.
    Therefore, these two combined could symbolize Preaching the Middle Path to everyone.
    Therefore, like Lord Siva, Lord Visgnu is also an imaginary creation based on Buddha’s Preaching.
    This could be further confirmed with the mark placed on the forehead of Lord Vishnu!
    The symbol placed above the nose on the fore heard also symbolizes the Middle Path! Therefore Lord Vishnu is associated with the Middle Path!
    Therefore, Lord Vishnu is also an imaginary creation based on Lord Buddha and his Preaching!
    Leaving these, let us analyze one of the famous seals discovered in the Indus valley, the seal supposed to be having the figure of the ‘RUDRA’ or the ‘ANCIENT SIVA.’ The archaeologists and historians say this seal belongs to 2500 years before the Common Era!
    In this seal, a human is seated on a low seat in a ‘YOGA’ position. The human figure has FOUR HEADS. On the head we find a head dress with something like a pair of curved horn pointing opposite directions.
    On either sides of the human figure we find four animals and a human.
    In front of the human figure, we find two small deers!
    The archaeologists and historians have given wrong interpretations without a scientific study.
    The four heads of the human figure could symbolize ‘thinking’ of that person. Therefore, it could symbolize the FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS!
    This conclusion is confirmed with the head dress that symbolizes the Middle Path. It also associates the human figure with the Middle Path!
    The Four Noble Truths only emphasize the Middle Path!
    Now the question arises as what do the animals and human figures that surround him symbolize.
    Here only, constructive imagination becomes very important.
    Animals and human figures could symbolize a ‘Park’ where humen stay or move around. There could be hundreds of such Parks in India.
    Now the question arises as what this Particular park is.
    Here only two deer placed in front and near to the human figure help us.
    The Park that is being symbolized is the DEER PARK!
    Lord Buddha is the only person who was associated with the Deer Park and who realized the Four Noble Truths that emphasize the Middle Path!
    Therefore the particular Indus Valley seal symbolizes Lord Buddha, the SIVAN!
    Therefore this particular seal should have been designed by a Tamil Mahayana Buddhist!
    Further, there are a number of Indus Valley seals that symbolize different things of Buddhism.
    Above all, one famous seal symbolizes Lankan Queen Anula and her maids becoming Bikkunies through Theri Sangamitta!
    The Western and Indian scholars have given all sorts of imaginary interpretation without understanding symbolization of Buddha and Buddhism!

  78. Edit says:

    Native vedda,

    You obviously couldn’t understand what I was trying to say. The Christian churches ARE there to convert budhist and Hindus to Christians!! They are not there for the goodness of their heart. If u don’t know that obviously u r living in a different planet!

    So it’s ok the preach Christianity but not budhism….? Again back to my point!!

  79. Dharshika says:

    Udhayakumar,

    Thanks for your schloraly comments. I yet am not convinced Mahayana Buddhism influenced the concept of Lord Siva.

    Please read, ‘Nataraja in Art,Thought and Literature’ by C.Sivaramamurthi, the 400 page tome published in 1974 by the National Museum , New Delhi. According to Sivaramamurthi, the concept of Lord Siva are rooted in vedic thoughts. He also says, that by the time of the text of the Mahabharatha, a clear picture of Siva as a great dancer had emerged (Page 78). The origins of the Mahabharatha pre-date the advent of Lord Buddha and Buddhism. Hinduism was an established religion, if viewed in the present context of classifying it, before the advent of Buddhism. The statues, paintings and structures relating to it that survive may of a later period.

    Further I refer you to the book ‘The Tao of Physics’authored by Frijof Capra in the 1970′s. In the introduction he says, “I ‘Saw’ cascades of energy coming down from outer space, in which particles were created and destroyed in rhythmic pulses; I ‘saw’ the atoms of the elements and those of my body participating in this cosmic dance of energy;
    I felt its rhythm and I ‘heard’ its sound and at that moment I knew this was the Dance of Shiva, the Lord of Dancers worshipped by the Hindus”. Frijof Capra is one of the leading quantum physicists of our times.

  80. Native Vedda says:

    Edit says:

    Devanampiya Tissa (Theesan) was converted to Buddhism by Mahinda, the Therer.

    The people of the island don’t want to be converted to Buddhism by Mahinda, the terrible and his war criminals.

    People should not be worried about evangelical churches that spring up in north, and Christians descending to the north as long as the people are not forced fed Christianity by the army and not Tax payers’s money is wasted on propagating religion.

    The island faces immense politico, economic and social problems. State has a duty to improve people’s life. Religious conversion is not its priority.

    Why are the Sinhala/Buddhist state and its institutions driving people mad? And you support its drive.

    Either you must be a stupid Sinhalese or Ayatollah of supremacist Sinhala/Buddhist.

  81. Well, dear Dharshika!
    You want to discard the archaeological evidences by saying that “the statues, paintings and structures relating to it that survive may of a later period.”
    Thus, you have to base your argument only on the Sanskrit and Tamil literature and Brahmi and other inscriptions!
    You say that “Hinduism was an established religion, if viewed in the present context of classifying it, before the advent of Buddhism.”
    To my knowledge, in the ancient time, there was no religion by the name “Hinduism.”
    The Sanskrit or Tamil Literature have not mentioned a word “Hindu” or “Indu” denoting a religion.
    In 1818 Common Era only the word “Hindu” or “Hinduism” was used for the first time to denote a religion. ‘James Mill’ in his popular book “the History of British India” used the word “Hinudu” or Hinduism to denote all the religions of the Indian subcontinent other than Islam. Thus, the word ‘Hinduism’ of James Mill included Jainism, Buddhism and Ajiivagasm as well.
    However, the word ‘Indu’ (இந்து) had been used in Sanskrit and Tamil from ‘ancient’ time. In the ‘Theevarams’ of Saiva Naayanmaars and ‘Thirumanthiram,’ of Thirumuular, the word ‘Indu’ is used to mean (Full) Moon. The very first stanza of Thirumanthiram says:”ஐந்து கரத்தனை, யானை முகத்தனை, இந்தின் இளம் பிறைபோலும் ஏயிற்றனை …..”
    In addition to (Full) Moon, the word ‘Indu’ (இந்து) could also mean: a bear, Camphor,spark,Soma etc. Please refer the Tamil and Sanskrit Dictionaries.
    The Indian and Tamil scholars who have not studied scientifically the Suutra ” மொழிப் பொருள் காரணம் விழிப்பத் தோன்றா” of ‘Tholkaapiyam’ and the Commentories written by Seenaavaraiyar, Nacchinnarkiniyar and Theivacchilaiyaar do not know why and how the word ‘Indu’ means the Full Moon,a bear,Camphot, spark, Soma etc.
    The word ‘இந்து’ is actually:’இ + ண் + த் + உ.’ As I explained earlier, ‘இ’ denotes ‘நிறைவு’ தன்மை; ‘ண்’ denotes ‘வெளிப்படுத்துகை’த் தன்மை, ‘த்’ denotes ‘உயர்ச்சி’த் தன்மை and ‘உ’ denotes உயிர்ப்புத் தன்மை. Thus,’இந்து’ (இ + ண் + த் + உ’ is: “நிறைவு வெளிப்படுத்துகை உயர்ச்சி உயிர்ப்புத் தன்மை.”
    This complete description could be identified in Full Moon, Camphor, spark, Soma etc. Camphor has a peculiar characteristic connected with ‘smell.’ Its nature is “நிறைவு வெளிப்படுத்துகை உயர்ச்சி உயிர்ப்புத் தன்மை.” A question may arise here as how this description could be identified in the animal bear.
    To understand this, you must know the ‘nature’ of the animal bear!
    Bear normally walks with its four legs. But, when it sees a human at close range, it rises up and walks towards human with TWO LEGS only! You find this ‘nature’ “நிறைவு வெளிப்படுத்துகை உயர்ச்சி உயிர்ப்புத் தன்மை” in the animal bear only! Therefore, the word ‘Indu’ could be used to denote ‘a bear’ as well! Therefore, the word ‘Indu’ means a bear as well!
    So, the question now arises as whether we should continue to use the word “Hindu” to denote a religion.What is the Prime God of Hinduism?
    Now let us move to the next problem.
    You say that according to C.Sivaramamurthi, “the concept of Lord Siva are rooted in vedic thoughts. He also says, that by the time of the text of the Mahabharatha, a clear picture of Siva as a great dancer had emerged (Page 78).”
    First of all, the phrase “Vedic thoughts” has been used by Sivaramamoorthy.
    Here we have to understand what the word ‘Veda’ means.
    In addition to ‘Knowledge, …. etc., the word ‘Veda’ has the meaning ‘the TRUTH’ also.
    Thus, the phrases ‘நான்கு வேதங்கள்,’ ‘நான்மறை’ etc. mentioned in ‘THEEVAARAMS’ etc. could also mean ‘the Four Noble Truths!’
    The Indian and Western scholars say that the FOUR VEDAS are the Rig, Yasuur, Saama and Atharvana and claim that these are the basis for Saivaism, Vaishnavam etc.
    But, it is claimed in Theevarams and others that Lord Siva only preached the Four Vedas (நான்கு வேதங்கள்’ or ‘நான்மறை.’
    But, the scholars have claimed that the Rig, Yasuur, Saama and Atharvana were composed in different periods.
    Thirumanthiram and others emphasize refraining from killing, eating flesh etc.
    But, In the Rig Veda we finds tens of stanzas praising killing cows and Horse and eating their flesh!
    Therefore, the Four Vedas mentioned in the Theevaarams and others could not be the same Four Vedas – Rig, Yasuur, Saama and Atharvana!!
    However, by our studies on statues of Lord Siva we have already come to the conclusion that Lord Siva is an imaginary creation based on Lord Buddha and Buddhism.
    Thus, the Four Vedas associated with Lord Siva in the Theevaarams should mean the FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS and not the Rig, Yasuur, Saama and Atharvana as claimed by the Indian and Western scholars!
    Whatever it is, We have a Sanskrit literature called as ‘Rig’ as well as some others written in the language Sanskrit.
    Unless we find out in what period the Sanskrit letters were invented, we will not know definitely in what period the Rig and others were written!
    In this study, we have to make use of two things. They are:
    1) the Brahmi letters and Brahmi inscriptions;
    2) the Tamil literature.
    The Tamil Lexicon ‘Seenthan Thivaakaram’ has 12 chapters and each chapter ends with a stanza.
    In the stanza at the end of the Chapter – 1, Seenthan claims:
    “வடநூற்கரசன் தென்றமிழ்க் கவிஞன்
    கவியரங்கேற்றும் உபயகவிப்புலவன்
    செறிகுணத்து அம்பற் கிழவோன் சேந்தன்
    அறிவுக் கரியாகத் தெரிசொற் றிவாகரத்துள்
    முதலாவது தெய்வப் பெயர்த்தொகுதி முற்றிற்று.”
    Here the Tamil Poet Seenthan claims himself as the KING OF SANSKRIT LITERATURE! Thus, he claims that he only composed all the Sanskrit literature!! Thus, the poets of Sanskrit literature were actually imaginary creations!
    The Stanza at the end of the Chapter -6 says:
    “வரு நற்கங்கை வடதிசைப் பெருமையும்
    தென்றிசைச் சிறுமையும் நீக்கிய குறுமுநி
    குண்டிகைப் பழம்புனற் காவிரிப் பெரும்பதி
    அம்பற் கதிபதி சேந்தன் றிவாகரத்
    தாறாவது பல்பொருட் பெயர்த்தொகுதி முற்றிற்று.”
    By this, the poet Seenthan claims himself as Rishi Agastian who had been connected with the Languages Sanskrit and Tamil! This emphasizes that Rishi Agastian was an imaginary creation.
    Thereby he reconfirm his previous claim!
    In the Stanza at the end of the Chapter – 10, Seenthan claims that:
    “அரக்கரைப் பொருத முரட்போர் வில்லும்.
    பாரதம் பொருத பேரிசைச் சிலையும்
    தாருகற் கடிந்த வீரத் தயிலும்
    பாடிய புலவன் பதியம்பற் சேந்தன்
    பயில்வுற்ற திவாகரத்துப்
    பத்தாவது ஒலிபற்றி பெயர்த்தொகுதி முற்றிற்று.”
    By this, Seenthan claims that he only composed Raamaayana, Bharatha and Kumara Sambava!
    Therefore, according to Seenthan, Vaalmiihi, Kamban; Rishi Viyaasar, Peruntheevan, ‘KaaLidaasa and author of Kanthappuraanam were the imaginary creations!
    With the other information in other stanzas, the stanza placed at the end of the Chapter – 3 says:
    காதலி கையிற் போதிப் பெருந்தவன்
    தெவ்வடு கால வைவே லெழிலி
    அவ்வை பாடிய வம்பற் கிழவன்
    றேன்றார்ச் சேந்தன் றெரிசொற் றிவாகரத்துள்
    மூன்றாவது தொகுதி முற்றிற்று.”

    “போதிப் பெருந்தவன்” means Lord Buddha!
    Therefore, the Lexicon ‘Seenthan Thivaakaram” should have been composed by a Tamil Buddhist scholar Monk who was an expert in the languages Tamil and Sankrit and poetry! But our Tamil scholars like S. VaiyapuriPillai and others of Tamil Nadu and Professors of the Universities of Sri Lanka say that Seenthan Thivaakaram was composed by a Jain!
    By claiming himself as the King of Sanskrit literature, this Tamil Buddhist scholar Monk claims that he only composed the the so-called Vedas as well!
    Unfortunately, none of the Tamil and Western scholars analyzed what are said in these stanzas! Thus, they continued with their imaginary and false conclusions on Sanskrit literature including the so-called Four Vedas!
    Further, some stanzas of the ‘Thanippaadal Thiraddu’ and some other Tamil literature also confirm these conclusion.
    One could argue that this particular Poet who composed this lexicon had lied. But, the scholars had come to the conclusion that the lexicon Seenthan Thivaakaram belongs to the 9th Century Common Era,
    But, none of the great Poets like Kamban, Oddakkuuthan, Avvai, and Saiva Nayanmars and others who lived after Seenthan had rejected his claim! Nobody could argue that none of them knew this particular lexicon, as it had been mentioned in various ancient commentaries and books.
    A scientific study on Brahmi letters will also confirm that it was a very late invention!
    Because, though it is claimed to be invented somewhere in the 4th Century B.C., so far no literature has been discovered in Brahmi letters or no Grammar book was written in Brahmi letters!!
    The other important question is, if it is claimed that the Sanskrit letters were invented 2500 years B.C., then what made the Indians to invent Brahmi letters in the 4th. Century B.C.?
    The scholars claim that the Brahmi letters were used in Tamil Nadu to write inscriptions in the 3rd. century B.C. Then why no Tamil Poem or story was written with Brahmi letters? The scholars claim that Tholkaapiyam was written in the 3rd Century B.C. Then, why it was not written with Brahmi letters? In the Tamil Nadu Brahmi inscriptions and pottery we find a number of symbols that severally and jointly symbolize Buddha and Buddhism!
    The very same questions arise with Sanskrit letters also!!
    Thus, the Sanskrit literature, including the so-called ‘Four Vedas’ should have been composed in a very late period.
    The year “Iir Ennuutroodu Irr Eddu Aandu” in the Mahayana Buddhist epic Manimekalai is actually the Buddhist year 1616. If the death of Buddha is placed as 543 B.C., then the year 1616 Buddhist era corresponds to 1073 Common Era. This is the year in which the Lankan King Vijayabahu 1 crowned himself as the Buddhist King of Lanka after 70 years of Cola domination. Though he expelled Colas in 1070 A.D., it took 3 more years for him to re-organize the Buddhist Sanga, renovate destroyed Buddhist Temples and to build the Temple of Tooth at Polonnaruwa. Please read the Tamil inscription of Polonnaruwa.
    Re-establishment of Buddha Dhamma in Lanka in the Year 1073 A.D. is something like Lord Buddha reappearing on the earth from ‘Tushita Loka’ and Preaching Dhamma. This is mentioned in the epic Manimekalai as Buddha re-appearing on the earth in the year 1616 Buddhist year! Unfortunately, none of the Indian, Western and Eastern scholars have understood the year 1616!
    Anyway a very important question arises here as how the year 543 B.C. was determined as the year of death of Lord Buddha.
    This year 543 could be determined as the year of death of Lord Buddha by assuming the year 1457 A.D. as 2000 years Buddhist era. However, the year 1457 A.D. was the year in which the Jaffna Kingdom was captured by the Prince Sappumal Kumaraya!
    Therefore, Deepavamsa, Mahavamsa and the epics like Ramayana, Manimekalai, Silappathikaram etc. could have been composed in or after 1457 A.D. Even the Four Vedas should have been composed during this period!
    So the Sinhala nation speaking about Sinhala Buddhist Nationalism based on Aryan – Sinhala – Sinhalese – Theravada Buddhism – Lanka doctrine with one-to-one correspondence is nothing but imagination and false!!
    So, Sivaramamurthi and others also have written nice thriller novels without scientific evidences.
    .

  82. Dharshika says:

    Uthayakumar,

    Thanks. While I am yet not convonced, the readers can make their own judgements. However, I have in the sentence, “Hinduism was an established religion, if viewed in the present context of classifying it, before the advent of Buddhism.”, have acknowledged that the name ‘Hinduism’ is a more recent creation. Further, Sivaramamurthi, is not a fiction writer. He is a scholar of much acclaim and his book is well researched and comprehensively referenced. It will stand the test of time as an outstanding contribution on the subject.

    Please also read ‘The Dance of Shiva’ by Dr.Ananda K. Coomaraswamy, where he says, “But it may not be out of place to call attention to the grandeur of this conception itself as a synthesis of science, religion and art. How amazing the range of thought and sympathy of these rishi-artists, who first conceived such a type as this, affording an image of reality, a key to the complex tissue of life, a theory of nature, not merely satisfactory to a single clique or race, nor acceptable to the thinkers of one century only, but universal in its appeal to the philosopher, the lover, and the artist of all ages and all countries. How supremely great in power and grace this dancing image must appear to all those who have striven in plastic forms to give expression to their intuition of life!” In this essay Ananda Coomarasamy has also done a comparison with Buddhist thoughts and concepts. Please note the words ‘Rishi-artists’.

  83. Sri Lankan says:

    Here we go again. Typical stupid arguments, each one trying to prove dar points. Getta life guys..! Stay as true sri lankan.. respect each religion and their believes, and for god sake grow some balls to stand against hooliganism of SL govt. BTW, There is no point in arguing with racists..!

    You change first, for others to follow. If you cant change then please STFU.

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